1. Ira Levin, The Stepford Wives, Random House, 1972. Film "The Stepford Wives", 1975, directed by Bryan Forbes. Made-for-TV sequel, 1980, "Revenge of the Stepford Wives". 2004
film remake, "The Stepford Wives", directed by Frank Oz.
The original book and film came out in the midst of the 70's feminist movement. It portrays a satirical yet chilling solution to women's liberation, created by the husbands of a fictional
Connecticut community known as "Stepford". Here, wives are replaced by passive, mindless, robotic creatures programmed only to cook, clean and be pleasing to their husbands; all of their assertive instincts are suppressed. In the film's made-for-TV
sequel, "Revenge of the Stepford Wives," the head of Stepford's sinister Men's Association justifies their actions in saying, "Women are upsetting the natural order of things."
The 2004 remake is campy and over-the-top satire; the original book and
film are understated, dark and horrific.